Scientists have made some big improvements to one of the world’s most powerful particle accelerators, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). This machine is used to study the smallest particles in the universe, and the upgrades will allow scientists to study these particles in even more detail.
The LHC is located at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, in Switzerland. It works by accelerating subatomic particles, such as protons, to incredibly high speeds and then smashing them together. This creates a burst of energy that scientists can study to learn more about the building blocks of matter.
The upgrades to the LHC include improvements to the machine’s detectors, which are used to measure the particles created by the collisions. The detectors have been upgraded to be more sensitive, which means that scientists will be able to see even more details of the particles created in the collisions.
In addition to the detector upgrades, scientists have also made changes to the LHC itself. They have increased the amount of energy that the protons are accelerated to before they collide. This means that the collisions will create even more energy, and scientists will be able to study even more exotic particles.
These upgrades will allow scientists to study particles that were not previously accessible. This is a big step forward in the field of physics, and it could lead to new discoveries about the nature of the universe. The upgraded LHC is expected to begin operation in 2026.
Overall, the upgrades to the Large Hadron Collider and its detectors will allow scientists to study subatomic particles in even more detail. This will help us to understand more about the building blocks of matter and the universe. It’s an exciting time for physics as this upgraded machine will open up new possibilities for discoveries.